Urology is the science of the structure, function and diseases of the urinary organs and male reproductive organs.
An urologist has knowledge of the diseases affecting these organs, and knows which diseases within organs can have an impact on the urinary organs or male reproductive organs. In this case, such diseases primarily affect the prostate or bladder, in addition to renal calculi. Where the diagnosis of urological diseases is concerned, diverse specialized methods are employed, such as urine analysis, sonography, computed tomodensitometry (CT) or magnetic resonance imagery (MRI).

Where the treatment is concerned, the specialist employs various medications. When necessary, they can also operate; for instance, in the case of lithotripsy (destruction of the calculi) or the ablation of a swollen prostrate through the urethra.


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